There are several treatment options for high blood pressure, ranging from lifestyle changes to medications. Medications are usually prescribed in combination with lifestyle changes to help reduce blood pressure and prevent heart disease. Your healthcare provider will discuss the various blood pressure medication options and help you choose the right one for your needs. Your doctor will also consider your other health conditions.
A healthy blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 mm Hg. When the systolic pressure is greater than 140/90 mm Hg, your blood pressure is considered high. The goal of blood pressure treatment is to lower the systolic pressure to within a safe range of 120/80 mm Hg.
Two common types of medications are used to treat high blood pressure in women. One is a diuretic, which narrows blood vessels and relaxes the heart. It can be taken alone or with a beta blocker, which also lowers the risk of heart problems. The downside to this type of medication is that it can have serious side effects.
There are also many lifestyle changes you can make to lower your blood pressure. Quitting smoking, eating a healthier diet, and increasing your physical activity can all help you keep your pressure levels in check. Certain medications are prescribed for patients who are not able to reduce their blood pressure enough without the help of lifestyle changes. The goal of treatment is to bring your blood pressure to an acceptable level and lower your risk of heart disease, stroke, and memory problems.
You can also talk with your doctor about taking supplements or other medicines. The risks of these medicines vary, so it’s important to discuss the side effects of each with your healthcare provider. You should never change your medication without consulting a doctor. You should also be aware that some over-the-counter medicines can increase your blood pressure and may interact with your blood pressure medicine.
Your healthcare provider will recommend a treatment plan that will help you lower your blood pressure. This plan will be unique to your individual needs and the results of your blood pressure tests. You should always try to make healthy lifestyle changes, even if your doctor recommends taking blood pressure medicine. This way, your doctor will be able to monitor your progress and make changes accordingly.
While medications are the most common treatment option for high blood pressure, they may not be the best choice for you. In these cases, your healthcare provider may increase your dose or switch to another drug if your blood pressure doesn’t improve. You may also need to make other lifestyle changes such as losing weight.
As you age, your risk of developing high blood pressure increases. Your arteries become stiffer and more plaque builds up in them. Other risk factors include excessive alcohol consumption and smoking. You should have your blood pressure checked regularly if you’re over 40.